Human Dynamics Exam

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Health

A complete state of social, physically and mental well being. Not the absence of disease

Mental Health

When a person can realize their potential and cope with normal stress of life

Mental Illness

Condition in which someone's mood or behaviour negatively impacts their day-to-day functioning

Passive

allowing or accepting what happens without any resistance

Assertive

Having or showing a confidence personality without being agressive

Aggression

pursing one aims with force

Illness- Wellness Continuum

Left- RIght
Illness
Signs and Symptoms
Neutral
Well-Being and Growth
Wellness

Maslows Heirarchy of Needs

Top - Bottom
Self Actualization
Self Esteem
Love and Beloning
Safety Needs
Physioogical Needs

3 Types of Downtime

Rest time
Recreation time
Relationship time

Rest time

time where you set aside all things to fully rest your body (napping)

Recreation Time

time you set aside to do activities you like

Relationship Time

time you set aside for family and friends

Emotions and Feelings

- total body reaction
- lymbic and nervous system
- contagious
- can be surpressed but is not good

Emotions

feeling one at a time
6 emotions: anger, fear, joy, happy, surprised and disgust
short time
involuntary

Feelings

feeling one or more emotion at the time
long term
voluntary

Social Determinants of Mental Health

income
education
unemployment and job security
employment and working conditions
early childhood development
food security
social security status
social exclusion
housing
gender
race
indigenous status
disability

Assertiveness Template

when i see you...
i feel...
because...
would you be willing to

Saying No Template

I understand...
But I...
so i need to say no

4 Signs and Symptoms of Stress

Congnitive
Physical
Emotional
Behavioural

Cognitive Signs and Symptoms

memory loss
poor judgment inability to concentrate
memory loss
anxiety or racing thoughts

Physical Signs and Symptoms

Pains
Tiredness
racing heartbeat
Nauseus

Emotional Symptoms

short temper
can't relax
feeling alone

Behavioural Symptoms

Eating
Sleeping
Alcohol abuse

Coping Strategies for stress

downtime
time management
sleep
having goals
sense of humour
resilience
breathing
good environment

Downtime

1 hour a day
1 day a week
1 week per 12 weeks

Time-Management Skills

prioritize
delegate
extra time
don't be a perfectionist
don't procrastinate
say no

CAMH

centre for Addiction and Mental Health

DSM

diagnostic and statistical manual for mental health
- states criteria for classifying mental health
-DSM 5 is the most recent
-mental illness can be added or taken away

5 types of mental disorders

1. Anxiety Disorder
2. Mood disorder
3. Borderline personality disorder
4. Eating disorder
5. Psychotic disorder

Causes of Mental disorder

-environment
-genetics
-psychology
-biology

concurrent disorder

when person has both an addiction and a mental illness
- leads to duel diagnosis

stigma

prejudice and discrimination against those with mental health disorders

Stigma can

stop people from seeking treatment
affects well-being
affects self-esteem
affects how other others see people when ill, getting treatment and well again

statistics on how many people are affected by mental health

1 in 5 Canadians

Effects of Stigma

self esteem
lack of medical care
depression
social isolation

4 recovery factors of mental illness

40% friends, family and hobbies
30% relationships
15% medications
15% hope of recovery

We can end stigma by

- being aware of labels
-being aware of language
- being aware of own stigma
- putting yourself in others shoes

Anxiety

anxiety is a mood disorder which can be influenced by genetics, hormones, medical condition or big life changes

Fear vs. Anxiey

fear:
- instinctive response to stimulus
-short term
-actual threat in the moment
-adrenline and corsiln passes through the body for short terms

Anxiety:
- learned response to stimulus
- long term
- adreline and corisol is passed through the body all the time
-percieved threat in the future

Affects of Anxiety

- Mind
- Body
- Language

When is Anxiety diagnosed

person is experiencing symptoms for 6 months or more

Amygdala

regulates our response to fear and produces a fight, flight or freeze response

Situational Anxiety

arises in certain situations

Spontanous Anxiety

arises with no stimulation

4 main types of anxiety disorders

Panic Disorder
Social Anxiety
OCD
General anxiety disorder

Panic Disorder

frequent panic attacks
4 or more symptoms, shortness of breath, nausea, sweating, and shaking hands

Social Anxiety

Most common
has to do with being surrounded by big groups and speaking in public

General Anxiety Disorder

constant anxiety without panic attacks

Obsessive Complusive Disorder

Behaviours or rituals to help with anxiety
common:
- washing
-cleaning
-counting

Treatment for Anxiety

Medication
Anti- depressants
Exposure
Excerise
Good nutrition
Therapy

Sadness

follows an events, lifts after a few weeks and returns to normal activities

Depression

no stimulus, does not lift after a few weeks and does not go back to normal acitivites

Clinical Depression

no clear cause, lasts for a few months and effects daily life

Statistics for depression

10-25% of woman experience depression
10-15% of men experience depression

Causes of Depression

- seratonin and dopamine regulate mood
- stress
- brain inflammation

Bipolar Disorder

mood disorder that affects how a person thinks, behaves and functions

Two types of bipolar disorder

bipolar I
- mania lasts 7 days
- despression state last for 2 weeks

bipolar II
-mania is less servere and shorter
-depression state is longer

Facts on bipolar

1-2% of people
men and women are affected the same
ages 17-21
hereditary

3 Stages of Bipolar

High state called mania
Low state called depression
Well state of feeling balanced

Schizophenia

pyschotic disorder, characterized by a profound distruption in perception, language and sense of self

Facts on Schizophrenia

1/100
men- from teens to 20's
women- 20's-30's
effects men and women at the same rate

Statistics of schizophrenia

30% mental health facility with medication
30% takes medication and can live on own, with symptoms
30% stop having symptoms with medication
10% die by suicide

Disordered Eating

Having some unhealthy eating behaviours and worrying about body image

Eating Disorders

form on mental illness where there is excessive concern with body weight, body image and food

Types of Eating Disorder

Anorexia
Anorexia Atheletica
Bulimia
Binge Eating Disorders
Other Specialized Feeding or Eating Disorders

Anorexia

excesive concern with gaining weight or becoming fat
persistant behaviour that interferes with aqequate weight for health

Anorexia atheletica

similar to anorexia but involving a physical activity

Bulimia

reccuring periods of food restriciton followed by binge eating

Binge Eating disorder

Cosumming large amount of food in a short period of time

Natural Ways to Treat Mental Illness

exercise
relaxation techniques
reducing stress
good nutrition
support from others
therapy

Most Common Medications

- SSRI anti-depressants
- BZ's
- Antipsychotics

SSRI anti-depressants

ex. prozac
allowing brain to be less sensitive to change and more stable
pros:
- helps with anxiety, depression and OCD
-safe to use
- non-addictive

cons:
- side effects
- expensive
- one year to work

BZ antidepressents

ex. Xanax
depress entire nervous system
pros:
- work fast
- take as you need
- only need a small dose
- less side effects

cons:
- addictive
- only work as you use them

Anti Pyschotics

supress hallucinaions and mood swings

pros:
- may stop symptoms

cons:
- takes 2-4 weeks to work
- addictive and need help to stop

Addiction

the peristance of a behaviour that provides pleasure and satisifies desires despite the negative consequences outweighting positive effects

someone in recovery may want to

1. stop behaviour fully
2. reduce frequencies of behaviour
3. stop one behaviour but not another ( in cases of duel diagnosis)

Treatments for Addiction

therapy
medication
pyscho eduction
treatment centres

4 C's of addiction

- CRAVING
- COMPULSION to use
- use despite negative CONSEQUENCES
- loss of CONTROL

Stages of Change

Pre- Contemplation: Making Excuses
Contemplation: Weighing options
Preparation: Looking for help
Action: Initial sobreity
Maintance: Support from others
Terminance: Relapse

OMHA

- ontario mental health act
- regulates the adminstration of mental health care

HCCA

Health care consent act

Consent must be

1. Capable- made by someone who is fully capable
2. Informed- doctor must tell person all possible benefits and risks
3. Voluntary- person can't be forced into making decision